British vs American English Part 1

Belajar bahasa Inggris memang susah susah gampang. Susahnya ya sama kaya bahasa lain, ada grammar nya, ada structure nya, ada tenses nya, dan juga harus hafal vocabularies. Gampangnya, banyak media yang bisa bantu kita lebih paham dan lancar berbahasa Inggris. Nah sekarang, ada juga yang bisa buat kita lebih fun belajar bahasa Inggris, yakni dengan membedakan vocabularies dari British vs American English.

Kadang kita tuh suka berfikir, ini betul ga ya bahasa Inggrisnya, ternyata ada banget beberapa kata yang mirip ejaannya, tapi artinya sama. Bahkan beda ejaan dan pronunciationnya, tapi artinya sama. Nah, itulah yang akan kita bahas di artikel ini yaitu British vs American English. Kita mulai dengan beberapa perbedaannya, di antaranya

Spelling Differences

Disini akan ada beberapa perbedaan ejaan antara British vs American English, yang dikutip dari British Council

British EnglishAmerican English
-oe-/-ae- (e.g. anaemia, diarrhoea, encyclopaedia) -e- (e.g. anemia, diarrhea, encyclopedia)
-t (e.g. burnt, dreamt, leapt)-ed (e.g. burned, dreamed, leaped)
-ence (e.g. defence, offence, licence)-ense (defense, offense, license)
-ell- (e.g. cancelled, jeweller, marvellous)-el- (e.g. canceled, jeweler, marvelous)
-ise (e.g. appetiser, familiarise, organise)-ize (e.g. appetizer, familiarize, organize)
-l- (e.g. enrol, fulfil, skilful)-ll- (e.g. enroll, fulfill, skillfull)
-ogue (e.g. analogue, monologue, catalogue)-og (e.g. analog, monolog, catalog)*Note that American English also recognizes words spelled with –ogue
-ou (e.g. colour, behaviour, mould)-o (e.g. color, behavior, mold)
-re (e.g. metre, fibre, centre)-er (e.g. meter, fiber, center)
-y- (e.g. tyre)-i- (e.g. tire)

Vocabulary Differences

Sementara ini ialah, dua kata yang jelas jelas berbeda, tapi mempunyai arti yang sama, diantaranya:

British EnglishAmerican English
trouserspants
flatapartment
bonnet (the front of the car)hood
boot (the back of the car)trunk
lorrytruck
universitycollege
holidayvacation
jumpersweater
crispschips
chipsFrench fries
trainerssneakers
fizzy drinksoda
postboxmailbox
biscuitcookie
chemistdrugstore
shopstore
footballsoccer

Perbedaan lainnya dari English Club,

British English ↕American English ↕
anti-clockwisecounter-clockwise
articulated lorrytrailer truck
autumnautumn, fall
barristerattorney
bill (restaurant)bill, check
biscuitcookie
block of flatsapartment building
bonnet (car)hood
bonnet (clothing)hat
boottrunk
car parkparking lot
caravantrailer
chemist’s shopdrugstore, pharmacy
chest of drawersdresser, chest of drawers, bureau
chipsfries, French fries
cinema, themovies, the
clothes pegclothespin
coffincoffin, casket
crispspotato chips
crossroadsintersection; crossroads (rural)
cupboardcupboard (in kitchen); closet (for clothes etc)
diversiondetour
drawing-pinthumbtack
drink-drivingdrunk driving
driving licencedriver’s license
dual carriagewaydivided highway
dummy (for baby)pacifier
dustbingarbage can, trash can
dustmangarbage collector
engineengine, motor
estate agentreal estate agent
estate carstation wagon
filmfilm, movie
flatapartment, flat, studio
flat tyreflat tire
flyoveroverpass
gear-levergearshift
gearbox (car)transmission
Girl GuideGirl Scout
ground floorground/first floor
handbaghandbag, purse, shoulder bag
high streetmain street
holidayvacation
hood (car)convertible top
jamjam, preserves
jugjug, pitcher
juggernaut18-wheeler
liftelevator
lorrytruck, semi, tractor
madcrazy, insane
main roadhighway
maizecorn
mathsmath
motorbikemotorcycle
motorwayfreeway, expressway
motorwayhighway, freeway, expressway, interstate highway, interstate
nappydiaper
naughts and crossestic-tack-toe
pants, underpantsunderpants, drawers
pavementsidewalk
pet hate pet peeve 
petrolgas, gasoline
Plough, theBig Dipper, the
pocket moneyallowance
postmail
postboxmailbox
postcodezip code
postmanmailman, mail carrier, letter carrier
pubbar
public toiletrest room, public bathroom
railwayrailroad
return (ticket)round-trip
reverse chargecollect call
ring roadbeltway, freeway/highway loop
road surfacepavement, blacktop
roundabouttraffic circle, roundabout
rubbereraser
rubbishgarbage, trash
rubbish-bingarbage can, trashcan
saloon (car)sedan
shopshop, store
silencer (car)muffler
single (ticket)one-way
solicitorlawyer, attorney
spannerwrench
sweetscandy
taxitaxi, taxi cab
tea toweldish towel
telly (informal), TVtelevision, TV
third-party insuranceliability insurance
timetableschedule
tincan
toll motorwaytoll road, turnpike
torchflashlight
trouserspants, trousers
tube (train)subway
underground (train)subway
vestundershirt
waistcoatvest
walletwallet, billfold
wellington bootsrubber boots, rain boots
whiskywhisky/whiskey
windscreenwindshield
zipzipper

Lainnya, dari Lexico

British EnglishAmerican English
accommodationaccommodations
action replayinstant replay
aerofoilairfoil
aeroplaneairplane
agony auntadvice columnist
Allen keyAllen wrench
aluminiumaluminum
aniseedanise
anticlockwisecounterclockwise
articulated lorrytractor-trailer
asymmetric barsuneven bars
aubergineeggplant
baking traycookie sheet
bank holidaylegal holiday
beetrootbeet(s)
biscuitcookie; cracker
black economyunderground economy
blanket bathsponge bath
block of flatsapartment building
boiler suitcoveralls
bonnet (of a car)hood
boob tubetube top
boot (of a car)trunk
bottom drawerhope chest
bowlslawn bowling
bracessuspenders
brawn (the food)headcheese
breakdown vantow truck
breeze blockcinder block
bridging loanbridge loan
bumbagfanny pack
candyflosscotton candy
car parkparking lot
casualtyemergency room
catapultslingshot
central reservationmedian strip
chemistdrugstore
chipsFrench fries
cinemamovie theater; the movies
cling filmplastic wrap
common sealharbor seal
consumer durablesdurable goods
cornflourcornstarch
cos (lettuce)Romaine
cotcrib
cot deathcrib death
cotton budcotton swab
cotton woolabsorbent cotton
council estate(housing) project
courgettezucchini
court cardface card
crash barrierguardrail
crispschips; potato chips
crocodile clipalligator clip
cross-plybias-ply
crotchet (music)quarter note
current accountchecking account
danger moneyhazard pay
demister (in a car)defroster
dialling tonedial tone
diamanterhinestone
double creamheavy cream
draughts (game)checkers
drawing pinthumbtack
dressing gownrobe; bathrobe
drink-drivingdrunk driving
drinks cupboardliquor cabinet
drinks partycocktail party
driving licencedriver’s license
dual carriagewaydivided highway
dummy (for a baby)pacifier
dust sheetdrop cloth
dustbingarbage can
earth(electrical)ground
engaged (of a phone)busy
estate agentreal estate agent, realtor (trademark)
estate carstation wagon
ex-directoryunlisted
faith schoolparochial school
financial yearfiscal year
fire brigade/servicefire company/department
first floorsecond floor
fish fingerfish stick
fitted carpetwall-to-wall carpeting
flannelwashcloth
flatapartment
flexitimeflextime
flick knifeswitchblade
flyoveroverpass
footballsoccer
footwaysidewalk
fringe (hair)bangs
full stop (punctuation)period
gardenyard; lawn
gearing (finance)leverage
gear levergearshift
goods trainfreight train
greaseproof paperwax paper/waxed paper
green fingersgreen thumb
grill (noun)broiler
grill (verb)broil
ground floorfirst floor
groundsmangroundskeeper
hairslidebarrette
hatstandhatrack
hen nightbachelorette party
hire purchaseinstallment plan
hoardingbillboard
hobstovetop
holdallcarryall
holidayvacation
holidaymakervacationer
homelyhomey
hosepipe(garden) hose
in hospitalin the hospital
hot flushhot flash
housing estatehousing development
hundreds and thousandssprinkles (for ice cream)
ice lollyPopsicle (trademark)
icing sugarconfectioners’ sugar
indicator (on a car)turn signal
inside leginseam
jelly babiesjelly beans
Joe BloggsJoe Blow
Joe PublicJohn Q. Public
jumble salerummage sale
jump leadjumper cable
jumpersweater
junior schoolelementary school
kenneldoghouse
ladybirdladybug
a lettucea head of lettuce
level crossinggrade crossing
liftelevator
lollylollipop
lollipop lady (or man)crossing guard
loose coverslipcover
lorrytruck
loudhailerbullhorn
low loaderflatbed truck
lucky dipgrab bag
luggage vanbaggage car
maizecorn
mangetoutsnow pea
market gardentruck farm
marshalling yardrailroad yard
mathsmath
metalled roadpaved road
milometerodometer
minim  (music)half note
mobile phonecell phone
monkey tricksmonkeyshines
motorwayexpressway; highway
mum/mummymom/mommy
nappydiaper
needlecordpinwale
newsreadernewscaster
noughts and crossestic-tac-toe
number platelicense plate
off-licenceliquor store; package store
opencast miningopen-pit mining
ordinary sharecommon stock
oven gloveoven mitt
paddling poolwading pool
paracetamolacetaminophen
parting (in hair)part
patiencesolitaire
pavementsidewalk
pay packetpay envelope
pedestrian crossingcrosswalk
pegclothespin
pelmetvalance
petrolgas; gasoline
physiotherapyphysical therapy
pinafore dressjumper
plain chocolatedark chocolate
plain flourall-purpose flour
polo neckturtleneck
positive discriminationreverse discrimination
postal voteabsentee ballot
postboxmailbox
postcodezip code
potato crisppotato chip
power pointelectrical outlet
prambaby carriage; stroller
press studsnap
press-uppushup
private soldierGI
public schoolprivate school
public transportpublic transportation
punchbagpunching bag
pushchairstroller
pylonutility pole
quantity surveyorestimator
quaver (music)eighth note
queueline
racing carrace car
railwayrailroad
real tenniscourt tennis
recorded deliverycertified mail
registration platelicense plate
remould (tyre)retread
reverse the chargescall collect
reversing lightsback-up lights
right-angled triangleright triangle
ring roadbeltway
roundabout (at a fair)carousel
roundabout (in road)traffic circle
rowing boatrowboat
sailing boatsailboat
saloon (car)sedan
sandpitsandbox
sandwich cakelayer cake
sanitary towelsanitary napkin
self-raising flourself-rising flour
semibreve (music)whole note
semitone (music)half step
share optionstock option
shopping trolleyshopping cart
show house/homemodel home
silencer (on a car)muffler
silversiderump roast
skeleton in the cupboardskeleton in the closet
skimmed milkskim milk
skipping ropejump rope
skirting boardbaseboard
sledgesled
sleeperrailroad tie
sleeping partnersilent partner
slowcoachslowpoke
snakes and ladderschutes and ladders
solicitorlawyer
soya/soya beansoy/soybean
splashbackbacksplash
spring onionscallion
stag nightbachelor party
Stanley knifeutility knife
starterappetizer
state schoolpublic school
storm in a teacuptempest in a teapot
surtitlesupertitle
swederutabaga
sweet(s)candy
takeaway (food)takeout; to go
taxi ranktaxi stand
tea toweldish towel
terrace houserow house
tickcheck mark
ticket toutscalper
timberlumber
titbittidbit
toffee applecandy apple or caramel apple
touch woodknock on wood
trade unionlabor union
trading estateindustrial park
trainerssneakers
transport cafetruck stop
trolleyshopping cart
twelve-boretwelve-gauge
undergroundsubway
vacuum flaskthermos bottle
verge (of a road)shoulder
vestundershirt
veterinary surgeonveterinarian
wagon(on a train)car
waistcoatvest
walking framewalker
wardrobecloset
water iceItalian ice
weatherboardclapboard
white coffeecoffee with cream
white spiritmineral spirits
wholemeal breadwholewheat bread
windcheaterwindbreaker
windscreenwindshield
wing (of a car)fender
worktopcountertop
zebra crossingcrosswalk
zed(letter Z)zee
zipzipper

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Stay in Touch

To follow the best weight loss journeys, success stories and inspirational interviews with the industry's top coaches and specialists. Start changing your life today!

Related Articles