Latihan Soal Descriptive dan Report Text

Latihan Soal Descriptive dan Report Text

Berikut adalah Latihan Soal Descriptive Text dan Report Text:

Latihan Soal Report Text

Berikut Latihan Soal Report Text No 1 -3

Every single rock on the surface of the Earth-whether it is gravestone, a piece of solidified lava from a volcano or a boulder that has broken from a cliff or mountain-is slowly being broken down. This breaking down of rocks at or near the Earth’s surface is called weathering. The word is used because the weather is mainly responsible. Weathering turns solid rock into soft materials that may eventually form soil.
Air and water are the cause of most weathering. Sometimes they change the chemical in the rocks, and sometimes they just break apart the rock physically. If water seeps into the cracks in the rocks, for example, it may later freeze if the temperature falls below 0 degrees Celsius. As the water turns to ice, it expands, pushing against the sides of the rock with a pressure believe to be as much as 2,100 kilograms per square centimetre. This forces the cracks open. Repeated freezing and thawing causes the fragments to break away from the original rock, these may slide down a cliff or mountain and form a sloping mass of fragments at the bottom, called scree.

1. According to the text,….
A. there are two kinds of rock, gravestone and a boulder
B. soft materials will turn to solidified lava through weathering
C. chemical in the rocks causes weathering in every single rock-
D. a cliff or mountain may slide down because of the water in the rocks
E. cracks in the rocks will turn water into ice at the temperature below 0 degrees Celsius

2. The first paragraph is about….
A. the materials of weathering
B. the process of weathering
C. the impact of weathering
D. the definition of weathering
E. the result of weathering

3. We know from the text that….
A. very solid rock is impossible to break down
B. solid rock can turns into soil because of air and water
C. soft materials harders to eventually become rock
D. the weather can turn lava into gravestone
E. air and water are the main elements of the weather

Berikut Latihan Soal Report Text No 3 -6

Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon, without making physical contact with the object. In modern usage, the term generally refers to the use of aerial sensor technology to detect and classify objects on Earth (both on the surface, and in the atmosphere and ocean) by means of propagated signals (e.g. electromagnetic radiation emitted from aircraft or satellites).
There are two main types or remote sensing: passive remote sensing and active remote sensing. Passive sensors detect natural radiation that is emitted or reflected by the objects or surrounding area being observed. Reflected sunlight is the most common source of radiation measured by passive censors. Examples of passive remote sensors include film photography, infra-red, charge-coupled devices, and radiometers. Active collection, on the other hand, emits energy in order to scan objects and areas whereupon a sensor then detects and measures the radiation that is reflected or backscattered from the target. RADAR and LIDAR are examples of active remote sensing where the time delay between emission and return is measured, stabilizing the location, height, speed and direction of an object.

4. From the text we know that remote sensing…
a. Is a way to obtain information about an object or phenomenon
b. Does not difficult to do c. Makes physical contact with the object
d. Does not make use of censors
e. Does not make use propagated signals

5. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
a. Active sensing is better than passive sensing
b. The energy in sunlight is important for remote sensing
c. Passive sensing is not as strong as active sensing
d. The source of energy radiated for sensing determines whether it is the active or passive type
e. Active remote sensing and passive remote sensing are equally useful for the development of knowledge and technology

6. Based on the text we can say that…
a. Remote sensing is expensive technology
b. Remote sensing is useful for transportation
c. We can apply the technology to study animals
d. Medical science can be improved through remote sensing
e. Remote sensing make it possible to collect information of an object in a dangerous area

BACA JUGA: Contoh Descriptive Text

Berikut Latihan Soal Report Text No 7 – 10

Komodo dragon is a member of the monitor family, Varanidae. It is the world’s largest living lizards. It grows to be 10 feet (3 meters) long and weighs up to 126 kg and belong to the most ancient group of lizards still alive.
It is found mainly in the island of Komodo and on other small islands, Rinca, Padar, and Flores. The natives call the dragon, ora, or buaya darat (land crocodile).
The Komodo dragon has a long heavy tail, short, strong legs, and rough skin. It is covered with small dull, colored scales. It can sprint at up 18 km per hours, but only for short distances. When it opens its wide red moth, it shows row of teeth like the edge of a saw.
Komodo dragons are good simmers and may swim the long distance from one island to another. Like other lizards, they swim by undulating their tails, and their legs held against their body.
The Komodo dragon is totally carnivorous. It hunts other animals during the day. It hunts deer, wild pigs, water buffaloes, and even horses. While smaller komodos have to be content with eggs, other lizards, snakes and rodents. Komodo dragons are cannibals. The adult will prey on the young one as well as the old and sick dragons.
Lizard digs a cave with its strong claws in the cave at night.

7. The main idea of paragraph 5 is …
A. komodo dragons feed on young dragons.
B. komodo dragons get their food by hunting.
C. komodo dragons are carnivorous and also cannibals
D. komodo dragons are cannibals because they hunt other animals.
E. komodo dragons are carnivorous because they eat eggs, meat and rodents.

8. Which of the following is not the characteristic of a komodo dragon?
A. Rough skin
B. Strong claws
C. A long heavy tail
D. Short, strong legs
E. Rows of red teeth

9. The writer’s purpose in writing the text is ….
A. to retell the events in Komodo Island.
B. to inform about classification of komodo.
C. to describe about komodo dragon in general.
D. to persuade reader to keep komodo habitat.
E. to entertain reader with the story of komodo.

10. Komodo dragons are cannibals because …
A. they hunt deer, wild pigs, water buffaloes and even horses.
B. they prey on young ones as well as old and sick dragons<<<<<<

C. they feed on eggs, lizards, snakes and rodents.

D. they eat anything they meet.

E. they will attack in self-defense.

Berikut Latihan Soal Report Text No 11 – 14

Gold is a precious metal. Gold is used as ornaments or as money. Gold is found in many places, but in a small supply. It is often found on the surface of the earth. Since gold is a heavy substance, it is sometimes found loose on bottom of rivers. The gold is found together with sand and rocks, and must be separated from them. It is simple to search for this type of gold. It is not usually necessary to drill for gold, but when a layer of gold is located deep below the surface of the earth, it is possible to drill a hole into the ground. Engineers have developed modern process for removing gold from rocks. Since gold is not very hard, it is sometimes melted and added to other substances for making rings, coins, and art objects. It will be priced forever because it is beautiful, rare, and useful.

11. The best title of the text above is …..
a. Gold
b. Type of Gold
c. Previous Metal
d. Rare Ornaments
e. Removing Gold from Rocks

12. The following are associated with gold, EXCEPT …..
a. useful
b. precious
c. beautiful
d. expensive
e. unnecessary

13. The text above is mainly intended to …. about gold.
a. discuss
b. classify
c. describe
d. elaborate
e. document

14. “It will be priced forever because….” (Paragraph 4). The word “priced” means ……
a. valuable
b. worthless
c. interesting
d. wonderful
e. eye catching

Berikut Latihan Soal Report Text No 15

Blueberries, cranberries, and huckleberries-like dark skinned bunch grapes-contain restorative, a potential anticancer agent. That’s a new finding from preliminary data from ARS collaborative studies with Rutgers University-New Jersey and Ag Canada, Kent ville, Nova Scotti. Restorative protects dark-skinned bunch grapes from fungal diseases and provides health benefits to consumers, including protection from cardiovascular disease. The compound’s anticancer potential warranted its examination in other fruits.
Using gas chromatographic and mass spectrometric procedures, the scientists measured the restorative content of 30 whole fruit samples of blueberry, cranberry, huckleberry, and related plants representing 5 families and 10 species of Vaccination fruit. They found that several samples contained varying amounts of the compound. Analysis of extracts of the skin, juice/pulp, and seed of muscadine grapes showed that its concentration in fruit skin was highest. Levels in the juice/pulp were much lower than in either skin or seeds. Researchers are continuing to analyze more Vaccination and muscadine samples. Future research goals will include enhancing production of restorative in selected species.

15. We can conclude that the research will be…
a. Stopped
b. Continued
c. Postponed
d. Carried out
e. Minimized

BACA JUGA: Contoh Report Text

Latihan Soal Descriptive Text

Berikut Latihan Soal Descriptive Text No 1 – 3

Yogyakarta is one of the foremost cultural centers of Java, the seat of the mighty Javanese empire of Mataram from which present day Yogyakarta has the best inherited of traditions. The city itself has a special charm, which seldom fails to captivate the visitor. Gamelan, classical and contemporary Javanese dances, leather puppet, theater and other expressions of traditional art will keep the visitor spellbound. Local craftsmen excel in arts such batiks, silver and leather works. Next to the traditional, contemporary art has found fertile soil in Yogya’s culture oriented society.

Yogyakarta is often called the main gateway to the Central Java as where it is geographically located. It stretches from Mount Merapi to the Indian Ocean. There is daily air service to Yogya from Jakarta, Surabaya and Bali as well as regular train service and easy accessibility by road. Yogyakarta is commonly considered as the modern cultural of Central Java. It is a very lively city and a shopper’s delight. The main road, Malioboro Street, is always crowded and famous for its night street food-culture and street vendors. Many tourist shops and cheap hotels are concentrated along this street or in the adjoining tourist area such Sosrowijayan Street.

The key attraction of Yogyakarta is ‘Kraton’ (the Sultan’s Palace), the centre of Yogya’s traditional life and despite the advance of modernity; it still emanates the spirit of refinement, which has been the hallmark of Yogya’s art for centuries. This vast complex of decaying buildings was built in the 18th century, and is actually a walled city within the city with luxurious pavilions and in which the current Sultan still resides. Yogyakarta is also the only major city, which still has traditional ‘Becak’ (rickshaw-style) transport.  

1. What is the purpose of the text?
     A. To amuse the readers with Yogyakarta
     B. To describe the location of Yogyakarta
     C. To persuade the readers to go to Yogyakarta
     D. To promote Yogyakarta as tourist destination
     E. To tell the readers the history of Yogyakarta  
2. We know from the second paragraph that ….
     A. Plane is the most convenient access to reach Yogyakarta
     B. Many local tourists prefer staying in Sosrowijayan Street
     C. Sosrowijayan is also known as shopping and culinary delight
     D. There are many convenient stores in the streets of Yogyakarta
     E. Malioboro Street is a crowded mainroad which is alive 24 hours 
3. ” … spirit of refinement, which has been the hallmark of Yogya’s art for centuries.(Pargraph 3) The underlined word is closest in meaning ….
     A. Settlement
     B. Development
     C. Improvement
     D. Involvement
     E. Engagement 

Berikut Latihan Soal Descriptive Text No 4 – 6

Rowan Atkinson is an English comedian, actor and writer, famous for his title roles in the British television comedies Blackadder, the Thin Blue Line and Mr. Bean. He has been listed in the Observer as one of the 50 funniest actors in British comedy. Atkinson is mostly well known as Mr. Bean.

Rowan Atkinson is a quite thin man. He has fair complexion and black short hair. Some people considered Atkinson “the man with the rubber face.” In fact, he has really funny face with unique smile. He is in medium height of European people. He has a pointed nose, big black eyes and thick eyebrows. His moustache and sideburns are usually well shaved. He usually wears a man’s suit with shirt, collar, trousers and a pair of shiny shoes.

Rowan Atkinson was born in Consett, County Durham on 6th January 1955. He has two elder brothers. Atkinson studied electrical engineering at Newcastle University and continued with an MSc at the Queen’s College, Oxford. Atkinson married Sunetra Sastry in 1990. The couple has two children, Lily and Benjamin, and lives in England in the Northamptonshire. With an estimated wealth of $100 million, Atkinson owns many expensive cars.  

4. The text mainly describes ….
     A. Rowan Atkinson
     B. Rowan Atkinson’s school
     C. Rowan Atkinson’s movies
     D. Comedy festivals in England
     E. TV show in England  
5. ”Rowan Atkinson is a quite thin man.” (Paragraph 2) The word ‘thin” has the same meaning as….
     A. Stocky
     B. Athletic
     C. Skinny
     D. Chubby
     E. Muscular 
6. “The couple has two children, Lily and Benjamin, ….” (Paragraph 3) The underlined words refer to ….
     A. Atkinson and family
     B. Lily and Benjamin
     C. Atkitson and his children
     D. Atkinson and Sunetra Sastry
     E. Sunetra Sastry and her children 

Berikut Latihan Soal Descriptive Text No 7 – 10

The Indonesian Archipelago
The Indonesian Archipelago is the largest group of islands in the world. It extends between two continents, Asia and Australia. It also lies between two oceans the Samudera Indonesia and the Pacific Ocean.

Indonesia’s 13,667 islands stretch 5,120 kilometres from east to west and 1,770 kilometres from north to truth. The five main islands are Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya.

Indonesia has a land area of 1,904,345 square kilometres. More than half of it is forested land and a part is mountainous, with 15 of the mountains are I still volcanically active. One of history’s greatest volcanic eruptions, which killed thousands of people, occurred in 1883 on the island of Krakatau, which lies between Java and Sumatera.

Indonesia is one of the most populous countries in the world. Its total population is 160 million. More than 60% of the population live on the island of Java.

The Indonesian population consists of more than 300 ethnic groups which speak 500 different languages, but most of them understand the national language, Bahasa Indonesia. The Indonesian government’s campaign to popularize Bahasa Indonesia at present can be seen , through signs in public places and various which say ‘Use good Bahasa Indonesia correctly. Indonesia’s motto offices Bhinneka tunggal Ika, which means Unity in Diversity, symbolizes the unity of the people in spite of their ethnic and cultural origins.  

7. The first paragraph tells about ….
     A. The islands in the world
     B. The location of Indonesia
     C. The continents of Asia and Australia
     D. The Samudera Indonesia and Pacific Ocean
     E. The Indonesian population  
8. Based on the text, The Indonesia Archipelago consists of …. islands.
     A. 1.904.345
     B. 13.667
     C. 5.120
     D. 1.770
     E. 500 
9. “… occurred in the 1883 on the island of Krakatau …” (see paragraph 3) The underlined word has similar meaning with ….
     A. Erupted
     B. Was done
     C. Happened
     D. Took part
     E. Built 
10. “… It extends between two continents, …” (paragraph 1) The word ‘It’ refers to ….
     A. The largest groups of islands
     B. The Indonesian Archipelago
     C. The islands in the world
     D. The Samudera Indonesia
     E. The Indonesian government’s 

Berikut Latihan Soal Descriptive Text No 11 – 15

Paris is the capital of a European nation, France. It is also one of the most beautiful and most famous cities in the world.

Paris is called the city of Light. It is also an international fashion center. What stylish women are wearing in Paris will be worn by women all over the world. Paris is also famous for its world center of education. For instance, it is the headquarters of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

The Seine River divides the city into two parts. Thirty-two bridges cross this scenic river. The oldest and perhaps the most well-known is Pon Neuf, which was built in the sixteenth century. Sorbonne, a famous university, is located on the left bank (south side) of the river. The beautiful white church Sacre Coeur lies on the top of hill called Montmartre on the right bank (north side) of the Seine.

There are many other famous places in Paris, such as the famous museum the Louvre as well the cathedral of Notre Dame. However, the most famous landmark in this city must be the Eiffel Tower.

Paris is named after a group of people called the Parisii. They built a small village on an island in the middle of the Seine River about two thousand years ago. This island is called lie de la Cite. It is where Notre Dame located. Today around eight million people live in Paris area.  

11. The fifth paragraph tells ….
     A. The origin of the word Paris
     B. About the Paris
     C. The location of Notre Dame
     D. A village built a thousand years ago
     E. An island in the middle of the Seine River  
12. What is the oldest and most well known part of the city?
     A. The Seine River
     B. The Pont Neuf
     C. The Sorbonne
     D. The right bank
     E. The left bank 
13. From the text we know that Notre Dame is located .…
     A. Near left Louvre
     B. On the left bank
     C. On the right bank
     D. Outside the city of Paris
     E. In the middle of the Seine River 
14. What is the oldest and most well known part of the city?
     A. The Seine River     
     B. The Sorbonne
     C. The Pont Neuf
     D. The right bank
     E. The left bank 
15. What is generic structure of the text above?
     A. Orientation-Complication-Resolution
     B. Classification-Description
     C. Identification-Description
     D. Orientation-Description
     E. Introduction-Events-Reorientation 

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